Real Option Methodology for the Evaluation of IT Projects
Efthymios Papadopoulos, Georgios Dounias
Current project valuation framework under the Net Present Value (NPV) method has been proved to be incomplete, as it fails to accurately account for uncertainty. Traditional financial tools fail because they neglect to account for the value of flexibility. The standard NPV approach assumes that project risks remain constant over the life of the strategy. It, also, fails to factor in the full range of opportunities that a new and innovative strategy may create for a firm in the future. We show how one can use Real Option methodology in order to determine optimal financial path to fund new technology deployment within a risky environment. Moreover, in this paper we demonstrate, with the use of a simple numerical example, how the Real Options methodology can be implemented within an IT project deployment.