The Arab Women Manager: Participation, Barriers, and Future Prospects
Saleema Kauser, Hayfaa Tlaiss
This paper provides an overview of research examining the status of Arab women managers. It summarizes the current situation and highlights constraints Arab women face in their career progression. Given the theoretical shortcomings of research on management and gender in this region, a holistic approach is adopted to evaluate the pressures that Arab women managers must address. Human capital and gender discrimination theories are invoked to explain the restricted managerial advancement of women in this part of the world. This review supports the notion that social, organizational, and personal barriers faced by women managers arises from the culture-based gender roles and status. Research using rigorous designs is needed to probe in more depth many of the issues raised in this review.