GLOBALIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON TRADE UNIONISM IN INDIA: UNVEILING REALITIES, CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVES
Trade unions were initially established to foster amicable relations between workers and management, safeguarding employees from exploitation. Globalization and subsequent development of hiring of contract labour have contributed to the decline of trade unionism and its influence. IR experts opine that other factors like dominance of select union leaders, pervasive politicization of unions and government apathy have also contributed to this turn of events. The first research question delves into the distinct elements that have led to this decline. The study aims to explore the intricate impact of globalization, with a specific focus on the outsourcing trend and the prevalent preference for contractual agreements with workers.The second research question specifically addresses how these global phenomena have influenced and altered the operational dynamics of trade unions in the Indian context. By explicitly addressing these research questions, the study aims to contribute valuable insights into the evolving landscape of trade unionism in the face of both domestic and global influences, offering a nuanced understanding of the challenges and transformations experienced by trade unions in India.
Trade unions, globalization, industrial relations, labour, workers’ rights, collective bargaining