Foreign Direct Investment and Current Account Deficit - A Causality Analysis in Context of India

Manpreet Kaur, Surendra Yadav, Vinayshil Gautam


Current Account Deficit is one of the major macroeconomic problems facing India. In this paper, we have tried to investigate the relationship between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and current account in the context of India. Using the Toda-Yamamoto (T-Y) granger causality technique for the period 1975-2009, our results indicate that FDI and current account are co-integrated in the long run. There is evidence of unidirectional causality from FDI to current account. Furthermore, the analysis of FDI and international trade components (Exports and Imports), which are the major constituents of current account, supports our results of granger causality. Also, an attempt has been made to provide for the impact of FDI on current account through impulse response function.


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